September 5 is celebrated or remembered as Teacher’s Day in India. But do you know why Teacher’s Day is celebrated on this day itself, in whose name this day is made, is that person worth it or not? What did that person do for most of the people of this country that we all remember on the day of Teacher’s Day?
The reason for choosing 5 September as Teacher’s Day in India is said to be the birth anniversary of Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the first Vice President of India and the second President of India. Dr S. Radhakrishnan was born on September 5, 1888. The first Teacher’s Day was celebrated on 5 September 1962 on his 77th birthday. It is said that Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan worked as a teacher in his life and he was also a skilled philosopher, scholar, and politician. But should his birthday be remembered as Teacher’s Day in India just because of this?
Contribution of Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Let us understand what Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan did. It is said about Radhakrishnan that he did a lot of work in the field of education. But the question arises that what work did they do, if they opened colleges for the society, how many more would they open schools for someone else, if they could not, they would have taught under the peepal tree, but also did not do. His supporters do not tire of saying that his views were excellent about the education of women and were an advocate of their education. Then the question arose that he worked for women’s education, started a movement, and tried to convince society that education is necessary for all women. Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was established as a great philosopher, now let us also see his philosophy, in one of his books “Indian Philosophy” he writes that “It is the duty of the Brahmin to acquire knowledge, the Kshatriya should protect the weak, trade And agriculture is the responsibility of the Vaishya and the duty of the Shudra to serve others is the bondage.” The name of the book is on Indian Philosophy, in that book the philosophy of Brahmanical values was filled, in fact, they themselves have no philosophy, whatever is written in their theology, they are repeating the same thing, just gave a new cloak to those brahminical ideas, from which So that no one should see the real face of his alleged philosophy.
The controversy around Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Not only this but Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was also accused of stealing some part of the book of Jadunath Sinha, a person he knew. The accuser was Jadunath Sinha himself and he also sued Radhakrishnan in the High Court of Calcutta in 1929 for violating the Copyright Act. The former Jadunath Sinha had published his work earlier, so he was sure to win the case. That’s why Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who was well known and came from the Brahmin community, took the help of another Brahmin, Shyama Prasad Mookerjee, and settled the case outside the court, in lieu of this, Jadunath Sinha was given some money. Now the question arises that when Sarvepalli was right, he did not steal anything from anywhere, then why did the working end by paying money, if he was true, then why did he not fight the case, he was afraid of what he would know. The story of Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s controversy does not end with this, it is said that he was in favour of women’s education, but understands how this man had thoughts about his mother. Radhakrishnan’s son Sarvepalli Gopal wrote in his father’s biography “Radhakrishnan: A Biography” how “according to village rumours, Sitamma who was Radhakrishnan’s mother was thought to be Sitamma’s brother, who served in the local administration.” That they had arranged a meeting to oblige a senior officer. And this saying raises doubts that Radhakrishnan and his four siblings were children of the same father. It is written about Brahmin, so how civilized is its language, if it was written for any Dalit or Adivasi, then it would have been written that these were his illegitimate children.” Radhakrishnan himself had accepted this fact for this. He had also criticized his mother, and because of this, he had made a distance from himself. Not only this but Radhakrishnan himself is also said to have two concubines. Then what was the reason that Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s birth anniversary is celebrated as Teacher’s Day?
Whereas in India, there was also the greatest Jyotiba Phule, who was the first in this country to build schools for Dalits, tribals, backward and women, that is, about 80 per cent of the people, that too at a time when these people were kept away from education due to the mandate. In this country Mata Savitri Bai Phule, who became the first teacher of India, before her, no woman used do the work of teaching. Even when she used to go to school, the Brahmin Baniya Thakur used to throw mud at her, so she used to take two clothes so that the cloth which got dirt on her would be changed by going to school. Mata Savitri continued to work for the Bahujan Samaj till her last time and finally gave up her life while serving the people suffering from the epidemic.
To understand this, we have to understand the point of Babasaheb, which wrote in the essay on the destruction of caste, Babasaheb writes that “intellectual class in India is the meaning of Brahmins” means that the intellectuals in India are mostly Brahmins. Why at that time Dalit tribal backwards and even cut gold women did not have the right to fall, how could the Brahminists of such a country see the contribution of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule or Mata Savitri Bai Phule?
The article was written by rajat mourya.